Here are some of the devastating effects of this disease.
The most affected families are often those that do not have a lot of options for their means of living. With the death of males in the family due to AIDS, women and children are forced to provide their households the basic needs. This is a problem in countries that have many male-dominated industries – when the heads of the families get sick, women are forced to leave homes and work in industries such as carpentry or farming. In a lot of countries affected by AIDS, women are still viewed to be in charge of housework.
Families are being pushed to poverty because of this sickness. Because both parents are often HIV-victims in Africa, children, especially girls, are being pulled out of schools to add to the household’s workforce. Because both parents are not available to work for the family, children have a hard time providing the basic needs of the household, such as nutrition for younger siblings, medical needs for parents, and housing. Because of AIDS, children in Africa and other affected countries are orphaned and left to be cared for by their states.
Households looking to survive from AIDS are often devastated by massive debts in order to afford health care. In certain cases, women of the households are forced to enter the sex trade industry, which makes them more prone to getting the disease. Alarming news about children being sold to white slavery to help provide income to their family also tells that this creates younger victims of the disease, apart from mother-to-child transfer.
Two-thirds of reported patients living with HIV cases are living in the sub-Saharan region of Africa. This region only accounts for 10% of the world’s population.
Adverse Economic Effects
The labor force is one of the sectors widely affected by the spread of AIDS, which is evident in sub-Saharan countries where the disease is prevalent. With the spread of disease, adults, especially husbands and wives, are not fit to work. This affects the major industries that depend on blue-collar labor, like industries responsible for the production of food, housing, precious diamond jewelry, and clothing. Productivity is highly impacted by rising number of absent employees, due to forced early retirement or death. With enterprises being not able to meet the demand, world market soon decrease the demand to get products from the most afflicted nations. At the same time, countries that suffer from growing number of AIDS victims suffer from a huge tourism decline, as other countries that can help with investment and capital view the risks that they could take part of, even if these countries can offer low-cost labor.
South African countries experience a huge loss of profits, which amounts to about 10%. 40% of companies in these countries report that their businesses suffer because of HIV/AIDS cases. At the same time, only 13% of companies have a company policy that will allow people with HIV/AIDS gain employment.